Dump truck-related deaths in construction, 1992-2007.
Am J Ind Med 2012 May; 55(5):450-457
Background: Dump trucks are universally used in construction and other industries to haul materials to the location and to remove waste materials. Methods: The source for dump truck-related fatality data was the Bureau of Labor Statistics Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) Research File. Results: From 1992 to 2007, 829 construction workers were killed in dump truck-related incidents nationwide. Of those, 336 were dump truck operators with 215 deaths occurring in street and highway incidents. Another 343 deaths involved workers on foot, three-quarters struck by dump trucks. Sixty-four of the construction workers killed were maintaining dump trucks, 22 when caught between the truck frame and a falling dump truck bed. Of the 86 other deaths, 55 involved streets and highways. Conclusions: Recommendations include: (i) improving the reporting of seat belt usage in fatality reports; (ii) requiring use of seat belts; (iii) requiring the use of backup alarms, spotters, or other methods to alert dump truck operators to workers in their blind spots; (iv) prohibiting direct dumping at river banks and embankments; (v) using cameras or radar to enforce stopping at railway crossings; and (xi) enforcing worker safety practices (e.g., lockout/tagout procedures on elevated dump truck beds).
Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Construction-equipment; Construction-materials; Transportation; Truck-drivers; Motor-vehicles; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Hazards; Occupational-hazards; Waste-disposal; Materials-transport; Surveillance-programs; Equipment-operators; Maintenance-workers; Road-construction; Safety-belts; Warning-systems; Ground-stability; Railroads; Electrical-safety; Safety-measures; Work-practices;
Author Keywords: surveillance; struck by; caught in/between; seat belts
Michael McCann, PhD, CIH, CPWR - The Center for Construction Research and Training, 8484 Georgia Avenue, Suite 1000, Silver Spring, MD 20910
Cooperative Agreement; Construction
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
CPWR-The Center for Construction Research and Training, Silver Spring, Maryland