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The integration of mental and behavioral health into disaster preparedness, response, and recovery.
Pfefferbaum B; Flynn BW; Schonfeld D; Brown LM; Jacobs GA; Dodgen D; Donato D; Kaul RE; Stone B; Norwood AE; Reissman DB; Herrmann J; Hobfoll SE; Jones RT; Ruzek JI; Ursano RJ; Taylor RJ; Lindley D
Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2012 Mar; 6(1):60-66
The close interplay between mental health and physical health makes it critical to integrate mental and behavioral health considerations into all aspects of public health and medical disaster management. Therefore, the National Biodefense Science Board (NBSB) convened the Disaster Mental Health Subcommittee to assess the progress of the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) in integrating mental and behavioral health into disaster and emergency preparedness and response activities. One vital opportunity to improve integration is the development of clear and directive national policy to firmly establish the role of mental and behavioral health as part of a unified public health and medical response to disasters. Integration of mental and behavioral health into disaster preparedness, response, and recovery requires it to be incorporated in assessments and services, addressed in education and training, and founded on and advanced through research. Integration must be supported in underlying policies and administration with clear lines of responsibility for formulating and implementing policy and practice.
Emergency-response; Disaster-planning; Disaster-prevention; Mental-health; Behavior; Behavior-patterns; Psychological-responses; Public-health; Management-personnel; Medical-services; Education; Training; Administration; Author Keywords: delivery of health care; mental health services; behavioral health; disaster response; public health preparedness; disaster recovery; emergency medical services; US government agencies; health policy; disaster mental and behavioral health; disaster preparedness; recovery response; emergency management; federal and state disaster plans
Betty Pfefferbaum, MD, JD, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of OklahomaHealth Sciences Center, PO Box 26901-WP 3470, Oklahoma City, OK 73126-0901
Issue of Publication
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
OK; MD; OH; FL; SD; DC; IL; VA; CA
Page last reviewed: March 25, 2022
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division