A visual warning system to reduce struck-by or pinning accidents involving mobile mining equipment.
Sammarco-J; Gallagher-S; Mayton-A; Srednicki-J
Appl Ergon 2012 Nov; 43(6):1058-1065
This paper describes an experiment to examine whether a visual warning system can improve detection of moving machine hazards that could result in struck-by or pinning accidents. Thirty-six participants, twelve each in one of three age groups, participated in the study. A visual warning system capable of providing four different modes of warning was installed on a continuous mining machine that is used to mine coal. The speed of detecting various machine movements was recorded with and without the visual warning system. The average speed of detection for forward and reverse machine movements was reduced by 75% when using the flashing mode of the visual warning system. This translated to 0.485 m of machine travel for the fast speed condition of 19.8 m/min, which is significant in the context of the confined spaces of a mine. There were no statistically significant differences among age groups in the ability to detect machine movements for the visual warning modes in this study. The visual warning system shows promise as a safety intervention for reducing struck-by or pinning accidents involving continuous mining machines. The methods and results of this study could be applied to other moving machinery used in mining or other industries where moving machinery poses struck-by or pinning hazards.
Mining-industry; Mining-equipment; Mine-workers; Accidents; Accident-prevention; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Warning-devices; Warning-systems; Machine-operation; Visual-aids; Control-technology; Motor-vehicles; Coal-mining; Coal-miners; Signaling-systems; Safety-engineering; Reaction-rates;
Author Keywords: Mining; Visual warning; Visual reaction time
J. Sammarco, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 626 Cochrans Mill Road, PO Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236, USA