A case for using A-weighted equivalent energy as a damage risk criterion for impulse noise exposure.
J Acoust Soc Am 2012 Apr; 131(4)(Pt 2):3532
Damage risk criteria (DRCs) for continuous noise rely upon epidemiologic analyses of populations of persons exposed over several years to noise in occupational environments. In 2006, the U.S. Army proposed to update the MIL-STD 1474D to use the Auditory Hazard Assessment Algorithm for Humans (AHAAH) and discontinue using the peak sound pressure level, envelope duration and number of impulses. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health has conducted two separate evaluations of the data used to justify the AHAAH methodology and found that the use of the A-weighted equivalent energy L(Aeq8) was more suitable for the purposes of predicting the effects of temporary threshold shifts (TTS) both in humans and in chinchillas. The L(Aeq8) method provided best fit for the TTS outcomes and demonstrated the greatest discrimination (ability to predict TTS) when compared to AHAAH, MIL-STD 1474D and two other proposed DRCs. Similarly, L(Aeq8) was found to give the best-fit and greatest discrimination for the chinchilla impulse noise exposures. The L(Aeq8) affords the best sensitivity and specificity for discrimination of potential hazards and has the greatest level of integration with present occupational exposure standards and prospective hearing protection labeling regulations.
Noise; Exposure-assessment; Epidemiology; Noise-analysis; Noise-exposure; Noise-levels; Hearing-loss; Threshold-limit-values; Auditory-discrimination; Audiological-testing; Humans; Animals; Risk-factors; Standards; Hearing-protection; Hearing-threshold
William J. Murphy, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Hearing Loss Prevention Team, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Mailstop C-27, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America