Construction workers historically have experienced more deaths from injuries and more injuries and illnesses requiring time off than workers in any other industry. (The rate of fatal injuries is higher in agriculture, mining, and transportation.) In recent years the construction industry has taken many steps to ensure safe working conditions and enable safe work practices, yet construction work remains a hazardous occupation. Addressing safety in the project design, before construction begins, has been proposed as an additional method for improving construction worker safety and health. However, consideration of worker safety is not traditionally part of the project designer's role. This study investigated the viability of addressing construction worker safety and health in the project's design, known as designing for safety. Research activities included a review of the literature on designing for safety, an examination of the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) construction standards containing references to design professionals, and a pilot survey of architects and engineers employed as construction design professionals.
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