Traumatic injury rates in meatpacking plant workers.
Culp-K; Brooks-M; Rupe-K; Zwerling-C
J Agromed 2008 Jan/Mar; 13(1):7-16
This was a 3-year retrospective cohort study of traumatic injuries in a midwestern pork meatpacking plant. Based on n = 5410 workers, this was a diverse workforce: Caucasian (56.6%), Hispanic (38.9%), African American (2.7%), Asian (1.1%) and Native American (0.8%). There were n = 1655 employees with traumatic injuries during this period. At 6 months of employment, the probability of injury was 33% in the harvest workers who were responsible for slaughter operations. The overall incidence injury rate was 22.76 per 100 full-time employees per year. Women experienced a higher incidence for injury than men. The risk ratio (RR) for traumatic injury was significantly lower in Hispanic workers compared to Caucasians (RR = 0.54, 95% CI = 0.49-0.60) and nonsignificantly higher in African American and Native American workers after adjusting for age, gender, work section assignment, and experience (RR = 1.33, 95% CI = 1.21-1.47). These findings suggest that either Hispanics are very safe employees or they underreport injuries. We make the case for the latter in the discussion.
Humans; Adolescents; Men; Women; Age-groups; Traumatic-injuries; Injuries; Meat-handlers; Meat-packing-industry; Workers; Sociological-factors; Risk-factors; Pathology; Food-processing-industry; Food-processing-workers; Accidents; Musculoskeletal-system; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders;
Author Keywords: Work; injuries; meat processing;
Kennith Culp, PhD, RN, FAAN, College of Nursing, University of Iowa, 50 Newton Rd, Iowa City, IA 52241
Journal of Agromedicine
University of Iowa