Agricultural-related injury and illness in The Gambia: a descriptive survey of a rural nursing service and area farmers.
Culp-K; Kuye-R; Donham-KJ; Rautiainen-R; Umbarger-Mackey-M; Marquez-S
Clin Nurs Res 2007 Aug; 16(3):170-188
This is an exploratory, descriptive study based on a convenience sample from a rural nursing service and in-country area farmers from The Gambia. The purpose of the study was to provide descriptive information about agricultural-related injury and illness from area farmers and to obtain data from rural nurses about the time they spent caring for and treating farmers. Employees of the nursing service could read and write English fluently and thus completed a written questionnaire; the area farmers were unable to read and write English so they were interviewed by farm extension workers in their own tribal language. The most alarming findings were the nursing respondents' report of farm workers using pesticides in their homes, the poor condition of pesticide sprayers, and the lack of personal protective equipment. Despite their claim of following pesticide instructions, farm workers reported a surprisingly high number of respiratory and neurological signs and symptoms.
Farmers; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Agricultural-industry; Nursing; Medical-personnel; Medical-services; Medical-treatment; Injuries; Questionnaires; Pesticides; Pesticides-and-agricultural-chemicals; Pest-control; Respiratory-system-disorders; Respiratory-irritants; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Neurological-diseases; Neurological-reactions; Neurological-system;
Author Keywords: agriculture; farm labor; The Gambia; health and safety; nursing; rural health
Dr. Kennith Culp, College of Nursing (462 NB), The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242
Clinical Nursing Research
University of Iowa