Depression and work family conflict among corrections officers.
Obidoa-C; Reeves-D; Warren-N; Reisine-S; Cherniack-M
J Occup Environ Med 2011 Nov; 53(11):1294-1301
OBJECTIVE: This article assessed work-to-family conflict (W-FC) and family-to-work conflict (F-WC) and their impact on depression among corrections officers in two correctional facilities in the United States. METHODS: The sample consisted of 220 officers who completed questionnaires that included data on demographics, sense of coherence (SOC), physical health, psychosocial job characteristics, and work-family conflict. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-10) assessed depression. RESULTS: The mean CES-D score was 7.8 (SD = 5.2); 31% had scores of 10 or more, indicative of serious psychological distress. The SOC, W-FC, and F-WC were significantly and positively associated with depression; W-FC mediated the effects of SOC on depression. Psychosocial job characteristics were not related to depression. CONCLUSIONS: Depressive symptoms were high among officers, and W-FC was a critical factor contributing to psychological distress.
Humans; Men; Women; Age-groups; Questionnaires; Law-enforcement-workers; Prison-workers; Psychological-disorders; Psychological-effects; Psychological-reactions; Psychological-responses; Psychological-stress; Psychology; Psychological-factors; Physiopathology; Physical-fitness; Total-Worker-Health; Correctional-facilities; Demographic-characteristics; Mental-health; Mental-processes; Mental-stress
Susan Reisine, Division of Behavioral Sciences and Community Health, School of Dental Medicine, University of Connecticut, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06030
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
University of Massachusetts, Lowell