NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Truck driver struck by semi-tractor when walking in parking lot.
Michigan State University
Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, FACE 09MI085, 2011 Jul; :1-10
In the fall of 2009, a 52-year-old male truck driver, wearing a Class II reflective vest died when he was struck by a double-axle gravel train (2002 Peterbuilt tractor, empty dump trailer and pup) as he was walking to his parked truck located in the second row of trucks parked along the west fence in the rear of the parking lot. The parking lot was dark and inadequately lit because two corner pole lights located at each corner end at the rear of the parking lot were not functional. There was one white mercury vapor lamp functional; the light was located behind the open parking space to be used for the gravel train. The parking area was located west of the maintenance shop and had two wide driveways located at its north and south to provide access to the lot. There were two truck rows with a large open area between them. The driver of the Peterbilt was a truck mechanic who had a suspended driver's license and did not have a commercial driver's license (CDL). He was driving the recently repaired gravel train from the maintenance shop, utilizing the north driveway, to park the vehicle two spaces to the north of the decedent's parked vehicle. The semi-tractor's amber/running lights were on but the tractor's headlights were turned off. The mechanic drove past the open parking space, turned the truck around in the wide open area, and headed back to the open parking space. As he began to make his turn into the open space, the driver's side of the tractor struck the decedent. Emergency response was called and the decedent was declared dead at the scene. Recommendations: 1. Employers should mandate the use of vehicle headlights in parking lots when the vehicles are moving during dusk through dawn hours. 2. Employers should institute a training/awareness program to educate shift work workers, especially those working 12-hour shifts at night, about sleep/fatigue management and the potential safety and health issues, such as "sleep debt". 2. Employers should develop an interior/exterior facility inspection checklist to identify and remedy safety and health concerns, such as non-functional pole lights. 3. Employers should establish both vehicle traffic flow and pedestrian walkways within a parking lot. 4. Employers who utilize commercial vehicles should identify and include in their Michigan Department of State Driver Database subscription service any employee who operates the vehicle for any reason, including maintenance personnel. 5. Employers should establish and utilize a health and safety committee as an integral part of their safety and health management system.
Region-5; Accident-analysis; Accident-potential; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Truck-drivers; Trucking; Motor-vehicles; Training; Shift-work; Shift-workers; Sleep-deprivation; Lighting; Author Keywords: Struck by; semi truck; parking lot; pedestrian; worker on foot; vehicle traffic flow
Field Studies; Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
FACE-09MI085; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-008466; B11232011
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Michigan State University
Page last reviewed: December 17, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division