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Acute toxic pneumonitis complicating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in a farmer.
Sigurdarson ST; Donham KJ; Kline JN
Am J Ind Med 2004 Oct; 46(4):393-395
BACKGROUND: Toxic pneumonitis or Organic Dust Toxic Syndrome (ODTS) is a common, usually self-limiting condition among agricultural workers, occurring after high level exposure to agricultural dust. CASE REPORT: We describe the case of a 68-year-old smoker and farmer who became ill with dyspnea, flu-like symptoms, and hypoxia after cleaning out a grain bin. RESULTS: Chest radiograph was normal. He was treated with steroids, antibiotics, and oxygen supplementation and recovered over 3 months, but continues with lingering exercise intolerance after 2 years. DISCUSSION: Although toxic pneumonitis usually follows a relatively benign course with spontaneous recovery and no permanent sequale it can lead to the exacerbation of underlying lung conditions, resulting in incomplete or delayed recovery. Prevention is aimed at limiting exposure by avoidance, by increasing ventilation in closed spaces and by appropriate use of personal protective equipment.
Humans; Men; Women; Dusts; Dust-inhalation; Dust-exposure; Age-groups; Diseases; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Etiology; Respiratory-system-disorders; Respiration; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Author Keywords: oxic pneumonitis; Organic Dust Toxic Syndrome; agricultural dust; Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Joel N. Kline, Associate Professor, C33GH UIHC, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242
Issue of Publication
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
University of Iowa
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division