NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Nutrient intake and adherence to dietary recommendations among US workers.

Authors
Kachan-D; Lewis-JE; Davila-EP; Arheart-KL; LeBlanc-WG; Fleming-LE; Cabán-Martinez-AJ; Lee-DJ
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2012 Jan; 54(1):101-105
NIOSHTIC No.
20040497
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To assess nutrient intake according to dietary guidelines among US worker groups. METHODS: Participants of 1999 to 2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey completed two 24-hour recall dietary interviews to assess daily intake of protein, carbohydrate, fat, cholesterol, calcium, sodium, and fiber. Employed participants (n = 8987) were classified as (1) white collar, (2) service worker, (3) farmer, and (4) blue collar. RESULTS: Nutrient intake varied by occupational group, particularly for fiber, sodium, calories, and percentage of calories from protein, saturated fat, and carbohydrate. Adherence to recommendations was noted for saturated fat and cholesterol, but workers were poorly adherent to recommendations for all other nutrients, particularly fiber. CONCLUSIONS: Workers display differences in nutrient intake across occupational groups with poor eating behaviors evident across all groups. Fiber is particularly poorly consumed, with less than 5% of all US workers meeting the recommendations.
Keywords
Worker-health; Industrial-environment; Work-environment; Health-surveys; Diet; Nutrition; Food; Foodstuff; Proteins; Carbohydrates; Fats; Calcium-compounds; Sodium-compounds; Caloric-intake; Behavior; Behavior-patterns
Contact
John E. Lewis, PhD, 1120 NW 14th St, Suite 1474 (D21), Miami, FL 33136
CODEN
JOEMFM
CAS No.
7440-70-2; 7440-23-5
Publication Date
20120101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
jelewis@miami.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2012
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003915; B03282012
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
1076-2752
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
FL
Performing Organization
University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division