NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Focused actions to protect carbon nanotube workers.

Authors
Schulte-PA; Kuempel-ED; Zumwalde-RD; Geraci-CL; Schubauer-Berigan-MK; Castranova-V; Hodson-L; Murashov-V; Dahm-MM; Ellenbecker-M
Source
Am J Ind Med 2012 May; 55(5):395-411
NIOSHTIC No.
20040462
Abstract
There is still uncertainty about the potential health hazards of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) particularly involving carcinogenicity. However, the evidence is growing that some types of CNTs and nanofibers may have carcinogenic properties. The critical question is that while the carcinogenic potential of CNTs is being further investigated, what steps should be taken to protect workers who face exposure to CNTs, current and future, if CNTs are ultimately found to be carcinogenic? This paper addresses five areas to help focus action to protect workers: (i) review of the current evidence on the carcinogenic potential of CNTs; (ii) role of physical and chemical properties related to cancer development; (iii) CNT doses associated with genotoxicity in vitro and in vivo; (iv) workplace exposures to CNT; and (v) specific risk management actions needed to protect workers.
Keywords
Nanotechnology; Health-hazards; Hazardous-materials; Carcinogenesis; Carcinogenicity; Carcinogens; Cancer; Pathology; Employee-exposure; Employee-health; Worker-health; Personal-protection; Personal-protective-equipment; Chemical-analysis; Chemical-composition; Chemical-properties; Physical-properties; Genotoxic-effects; Genotoxicity; Dose-response; In-vitro-studies; In-vivo-studies; Workplace-monitoring; Risk-analysis; Surveillance-programs; Author Keywords: cancer; mode of action; nanotechnology; risk management
Contact
Paul A. Schulte, PhD, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4676 Columbia Parkway, MS C-14, Cincinnati, OH 45226
CODEN
AJIMD8
CAS No.
7440-44-0
Publication Date
20120501
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
pschulte@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2012
Identifying No.
B03282012
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
0271-3586
NIOSH Division
EID; DSHEFS; HELD
Priority Area
Manufacturing
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
OH; WV; MA
Page last reviewed: March 11, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division