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Surveillance of a priority occupational health condition in New Jersey - fatal occupational injuries, September 1, 2001- August 31, 2006.
Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, U60-OH-008345, 2006 Nov; :1-43
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) program is a research program designed to identify and study fatal occupational injuries. The goal of the FACE program is to prevent occupational fatalities across the nation by identifying and investigating work situations at high risk for injury, and then formulating and disseminating prevention strategies to those who can intervene in the workplace. On-site investigations are essential for observing first-hand where fatalities have occurred and for gathering facts and data from company officials, witnesses, and coworkers. For each case, investigators seek to identify how the source of fatal injury, victim and coworker actions, and workplace factors contributed to the fatality in the three significant incident phases: pre-event, event, and post-event. Through employer and witness interviews, examination of the incident site, and review of multiple source documents, investigators develop narrative reports detailing all the factors that contributed to the death of the worker. Close communication with other entities such as manufacturers, safety engineers, government investigators, and industry groups provides investigators with valuable expertise on industry work practices and safety procedures related to a given investigation. Each day in the United States, on average, 16 workers die as a result of a traumatic injury on the job. Investigations conducted through the FACE program allow the identification of factors that contribute to these fatal occupational injuries. This information is used to develop comprehensive recommendations for preventing similar deaths. Furthermore, analysis of FACE data may suggest the need for new research or prevention efforts, or for new or revised regulations to protect workers. In New Jersey, an average of 109 workers died each year from workplace injuries from 1995 through 2005. There have been a total 1,672 victims of fatal work-related injuries in New Jersey since the inception of the NJFACE program in 1990. Most (94%) of the victims were male. Age at death ranged from 15 to 89; 69% were 49 years old or younger. Mean and median ages were 43 and 42, respectively. Between 2001 and 2006, there were 184 fatalities (26%) related to motor vehicles or transportation, 101 (14%) were due to falls, and 61 (9%) were machine-related. Overall, 139 (20%) of the fatalities were reported as Hispanic ethnicity. NJFACE has conducted a total of 197 field investigations and distributed 182 investigation reports containing findings and recommendations to employers and other stakeholders since the inception of this surveillance project. During the five-year FACE grant period, FACE staff developed and disseminated Hazard Alerts: Pizza Restaurant Youth, Sanitation Worker, Wood Chipper, and Tree Trimming. A Crossing Guard Alert is in development. During this period, we initiated the following collaborations: a project with the Center to Protect Workers' Rights to develop and determine the impact of a Ladder Fall Video and Fact Sheets, and a partnership with the Advancement of Arboriculture (CAA), to share technical assistance in the development and review of our Hazard Alert on tree trimming. Evaluation of the NJFACE program and dissemination materials was conducted. A logic model was created and used to conduct programmatic evaluation, which highlights strengths and demonstrates needs. All educational outreach mailings, FACE reports, and disseminations included a survey and respondent data were analyzed to determine change in employer behavior based on educational materials.
Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Surveillance-programs; Traumatic-injuries; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Accident-analysis; Accident-potential; Accident-prevention; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Analytical-processes; Case-studies; Safety-measures; Work-practices; Hazards; Health-hazards; Region-2; Education
David J. Valiante, MS, CIH, New Jersey Department of Health & Senior Services, Division of Epidemiology, Environmental, and Occupational Health, Occupational Health Service, Occupational Health Surveillance Program, Trenton, NJ 08625
Final Cooperative Agreement Report
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
New Jersey Department of Health & Senior Services