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Cardiovascular fitness levels among American workers.
Lewis-JE; Clark-JD III; LeBlanc-WG; Fleming-LE; Cabán-Martinez-AJ; Arheart-KL; Tannenbaum-SL; Ocasio-MA; Davila-EP; Kachan-D; McCollister-K; Dietz-N; Bandiera-FC; Clarke-TC; Lee-DJ
J Occup Environ Med 2011 Oct; 53(10):1115-1121
OBJECTIVE: To explore cardiovascular fitness in 40 occupations using a nationally representative sample of the US population. METHODS: Respondents aged 18 to 49 years (N = 3354) from the 1999 to 2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were evaluated for cardiovascular fitness and classified into low, moderate, and high levels. Comparisons were made among occupations. RESULTS: Of all the US workers, 16% had low, 36% moderate, and 48% high cardiovascular fitness. Administrators, health occupations, wait staff, personal services, and agricultural occupations had a lesser percentage of workers with low cardiovascular fitness compared with all others. Sales workers, administrative support, and food preparers had a higher percentage of workers with low cardiovascular fitness compared with all others. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiovascular fitness varies significantly across occupations, and those with limited physical activity have higher percentages of low cardiovascular fitness. Workplace strategies are needed to promote cardiovascular fitness among high-risk occupations.
Humans; Men; Women; Cardiovascular-disease; Cardiovascular-function; Cardiovascular-system; Cardiovascular-system-disease; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Physical-fitness; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology
John E. Lewis, PhD, 1120 NW 14th St, Ste 1474 (D21), Miami, FL 33136
Issue of Publication
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida