Talking about health: correction employees' assessments of obstacles to healthy living.
Morse-T; Dussetschleger-J; Warren-N; Cherniack-M
J Occup Environ Med 2011 Sep; 53(9):1037-1045
OBJECTIVE: Describe health risks/obstacles to health among correctional employees. METHODS: Mixed-methods approach combined results from four focus groups, 10 interviews, 335 surveys, and 197 physical assessments. RESULTS: Obesity levels were higher than national averages (40.7% overweight and 43.3% obese), with higher levels associated with job tenure, male gender, and working off-shift. Despite widespread concern about the lack of fitness, leisure exercise was higher than national norms. Respondents had higher levels of hypertension than national norms, with 31% of men and 25.8% of women hypertensive compared with 17.1% and 15.1% for national norms. Stress levels were elevated. Officers related their stress to concerns about security, administrative requirements, and work/family imbalance. High stress levels are reflected in elevated levels of hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: Correctional employees are at high risk for chronic disease, and environmental changes are needed to reduce risk factors.
Correctional-facilities; Employees; Weight-factors; Humans; Men; Women; Physical-fitness; Hypertension; Stress; Questionnaires; Demographic-characteristics; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis; Total-Worker-Health
Tim Morse, PhD, Occupational/Environmental Health Center, MC 6210, UConn Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
University of Massachusetts, Lowell