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Talking about health: correction employees' assessments of obstacles to healthy living.
Morse-T; Dussetschleger-J; Warren-N; Cherniack-M
J Occup Environ Med 2011 Sep; 53(9):1037-1045
OBJECTIVE: Describe health risks/obstacles to health among correctional employees. METHODS: Mixed-methods approach combined results from four focus groups, 10 interviews, 335 surveys, and 197 physical assessments. RESULTS: Obesity levels were higher than national averages (40.7% overweight and 43.3% obese), with higher levels associated with job tenure, male gender, and working off-shift. Despite widespread concern about the lack of fitness, leisure exercise was higher than national norms. Respondents had higher levels of hypertension than national norms, with 31% of men and 25.8% of women hypertensive compared with 17.1% and 15.1% for national norms. Stress levels were elevated. Officers related their stress to concerns about security, administrative requirements, and work/family imbalance. High stress levels are reflected in elevated levels of hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: Correctional employees are at high risk for chronic disease, and environmental changes are needed to reduce risk factors.
Correctional-facilities; Employees; Weight-factors; Humans; Men; Women; Physical-fitness; Hypertension; Stress; Questionnaires; Demographic-characteristics; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis; Total-Worker-Health
Tim Morse, PhD, Occupational/Environmental Health Center, MC 6210, UConn Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030
Issue of Publication
Healthcare and Social Assistance
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
University of Massachusetts, Lowell
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division