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Sociocultural contexts and worker safety and health: findings of a study with Chinese immigrant restaurant workers.
Tsai J; Bruck A
AAOHN J 2009 Feb; 57(2):51-58
More immigrants are seeking employment in restaurants. Drawing data from an ethnographic study, this article discusses what and how sociocultural contexts shape the safety and health of immigrant restaurant workers. Eighteen Chinese immigrants from China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan participated in the study. Data generation methods included a questionnaire, individual and focus group interviews, and participant observations. Ethnographic analysis revealed that immigration mechanisms, demands of English proficiency for employment, and existence of networks and ethnic communities shaped the participants' employment choices. Working hours and schedules, interpersonal relationships at work, job design and training, occupational safety and health training, and national events and economy further influenced the participants' occupational experiences and well-being. Issues were noted with job security, mental health, family relationships, and risks for occupational injuries and illnesses. Implications for occupational health nursing research and practice to reduce immigrant workers' vulnerability to poor safety and health outcomes conclude this article.
Racial-factors; Sociology; Sociological-factors; Questionnaires; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis; Psychological-effects; Psychological-reactions; Demographic-characteristics
Issue of Publication
AAOHN Journal - American Association of Occupational Health Nurses Journal
University of Washington School of Nursing
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division