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Development of EMT backboard transport system.

Livingston T
Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, R43-OH-009355, 2009 Mar; :1-10
This NIOSH grant was awarded to create a backboard/patient transporter to significantly reduce the musculoskeletal (back) injuries to EMS (Emergency Medical Service) paramedics while transporting patients on stairs or under adverse conditions when the patient is secured to a backboard. Specific aims of the project are as follows: Aim 1: To determine the optimum track design for providing secure stair engagement without slippage. Aim 2: To develop a foot pedal mechanism capable of propelling the loaded Backboard Transporter during stair ascent. Modified to minimize pedal force. Aim 3: To design a frame for the Backboard Transporter that meets the strength, weight, and physical mounting requirements for the tracks, handles, lift system, and backboard mounting. Modified to limit total transporter weight to approximately 38 lbs. Aim 4: To develop an efficient backboard securing system. Aim 5: To design the Transporter mechanical components to maintain a safe center of gravity for all transport inclinations. Aim 6: Configuration of the functional Backboard Transporter to fold to fit into limited ambulance space. Aims added by Fire Department input during product development: Added Aim 7: Design for a patient weight capacity increased from 400 to 600 lbs. Added Aim 8: Design to transport seated and backboard secured patients. Aims 7 and 8 are crucial aims that were added in response to recommendations from area firemen, which were made as a result of their field experience.
Education; Emergency-responders; Engineering; Equipment-design; Ergonomics; Medical-equipment; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Rescue-workers; Training; Work-environment; Work-practices
Publication Date
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Type
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
Identifying No.
NIOSH Division
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Performing Organization
Livingston Products, Inc.
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division