Getting there from here: research on the effects of work-family initiatives on work-family conflict and business outcomes.
Kelly EL; Kossek EE; Hammer LB; Durham M; Bray J; Chermack K; Murphy LA; Kaskubarh D
Acad Manage Ann 2008 Jan; 2(1):305-349
Many employing organizations have adopted work-family policies, programs, and benefits. Yet managers in employing organizations simply do not know what organizational initiatives actually reduce work-family conflict and how these changes are likely to impact employees and the organization. We examine scholarship that addresses two broad questions: first, do work-family initiatives reduce employees' work-family conflict and/or improve work-family enrichment? Second, does reduced work-family conflict improve employees' work outcomes and, especially, business outcomes at the organizational level? We review over 150 peer-reviewed studies from a number of disciplines in order to summarize this rich literature and identify promising avenues for research and conceptualization. We propose a research agenda based on four primary conclusions: the need for more multi-level research, the necessity of an interdisciplinary approach, the benefits of longitudinal studies that employ quasi-experimental or experimental designs and the challenges of translating research into practice in effective ways.
Analytical-processes; Behavior; Employee-health; Families; Occupational-health; Occupational-psychology; Psychological-effects; Psychological-processes; Psychological-responses; Psychological-stress; Supervisory-personnel; Training; Work-environment; Workplace-studies; Work-practices
The Academy of Management Annals
Portland State University