Work organization and employed women's post-partum health.
Marshall NL; Tracy AJ
Great Divides: Transgressing Boundaries. Proceedings of the 101st Annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Aug 11-14, 2006, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Washington, DC: American Sociological Association, 2006 Aug; :1-20
Women comprise nearly half of the United States workforce, with 60% of women either employed or looking for work (NIOSH Fact Sheet 2001). Working women face health risks at work that are similar to those faced by men, such as stress from the organization of work (e.g., job demands, little control over work, work schedule). However, rates of stress-related illness, including depression, are nearly twice as high for women as for men (NIOSH Fact Sheet 2001). Work and family balance issues are an additional health risk factor for women with children (Sauter, Brightwell, Colligan, Hurrell et al. 2002). Employment rates among mothers of infants have risen from 31% in 1976 to over 50% by 2000 (U.S. Census Bureau 2001). While the Family and Medical Leave Act provides unpaid leave for eligible employees for up to 12 weeks, over 90% of parents who take leave to care for a newborn or adopted child return to paid work at the end of the 12 week period (Cantor, D., Waldfogel, J., Kerwin, J. et al. 2000). In 2003, maternal employment remained high; 53.7% of mothers with children under the age of 1 were in the labor force (U.S. DOL 2004).
Humans; Women; Workers; Worker-health; Work-capability; Psychological-effects; Psychological-factors; Psychological-reactions; Psychological-stress; Age-groups; Stress;
Author Keywords: Work and family; occupational health; gender; maternal employment
Proceedings of the 101st Annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Aug 11-14, 2006, Montreal, Quebec, Canada