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Deaths and injuries involving elevators or escalators (revised).

McCann M; Zaleski N
Silver Spring, MD: The Center to Protect Workers' Rights, 2006 Jul; :1-21
Incidents involving elevators and escalators kill about 30 and seriously injure about 17,000 people each year in the United States, according to data provided by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Consumer Product Safety Commission. Elevators cause almost 90 percent of the deaths and 60 percent of serious injuries. Injuries to people working on or near elevators - including those installing, repairing, and maintaining elevators, and working in or near elevator shafts - account for 14 (almost half) of the annual deaths. Half of the deaths of workers working in or near elevator shafts were due to falls into the shaft. Incidents where workers were caught in/between moving parts of elevators and escalators, are in or on elevators or platforms that collapse, or are struck by elevators or counterweights are also numerous. Recommendations to prevent elevator- and escalator-related deaths and injuries include ensuring that: 1) Workplace protective practices and training are adequate. In particular: De-energizing and locking out electrical circuits and mechanical equipment when elevators and escalators are out of service or being repaired Establishing a permit-required confined-space program for elevator shafts Providing fall protection during work in or near elevator shafts 2) Employers have an adequate inspection and maintenance program. 3) Employers use only qualified workers for escalator and elevator repair and maintenance.
Equipment-design; Equipment-reliability; Electrical-systems; Machine-operation; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Traumatic-injuries; Transport-mechanisms; Equipment-operators; Machine-operators; Accident-analysis; Accident-statistics; Maintenance-workers; Construction; Construction-workers; Construction-equipment
The Center to Protect Workers' Rights, Suite 1000, 8484 Georgia Ave., Silver Spring, MD 20910
Publication Date
Document Type
Funding Amount
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement; Construction
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U02-CCU-310982; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U54-OH-008307
Priority Area
Source Name
Deaths and Injuries involving Elevators or Escalators (Revised)
Performing Organization
CPWR-The Center for Construction Research and Training, Silver Spring, Maryland
Page last reviewed: March 31, 2023
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division