Comparison of three acoustics test fixtures for impulse peak insertion loss.
Murphy-WJ; Flamme-GA; Meinke-DK; Finan-DS; Lankford-J; Khan-A; Sondergaard-J; Stewart-M
J Acoust Soc Am 2011 Oct; 130(4)(2):2433-2434
Acoustic test fixtures (ATF) for testing the impulse peak insertion loss (IPIL) of a hearing protector are described by American National Standard ANSI S12.42-2010. The self-insertion loss, ear simulator design (canals, microphone, and temperature), hardness of the area surrounding the pinna, and the anthropometric shape of the head has been specified in the standard. The IPILs of four protector conditions were evaluated with three ATFs during an outdoor field study using firearm noise. The Etymotic Research ER20 musicians' earplug and electronic (EB1 earplugs), the Peltor Tactical Pro earmuffs, and a combination of the TacticalPro and ER20 protectors were tested at 130, 150, and 170 dB peak sound pressure level with the Institute de Saint Louis heated and unheated fixture and the GRAS 45CB heated ATF. IPILs exhibited good agreement across all three fixtures for earplugs. Significant differences were observed between the fixtures for the earmuff-only condition. These differences were more evident for the double-protection condition.
Hearing-protection; Hearing; Hearing-level; Hearing-threshold; Sound; Acoustics; Acoustic-vibration; Impulse-noise; Ear-protectors; Noise-protection; Noise-control; Noise-exposure; Noise; Protective-measures; Protective-equipment; Laboratory-testing
William J. Murphy, NIOSH, 4676 Columbia Parkway MS C-27, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America