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When do you take refuge? Decisionmaking during mine emergency escape: instructor's guide and lesson plans.

Kosmoski CL; Margolis KA; McNelis KL; Brnich MJ Jr.; Mallet L; Lenart P
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2011-177, (RI 9682), 2011 Aug; :1-40
This booklet contains the instructor's guide and lesson plans that can be used by instructors for the "When Do You Take Refuge? Decisionmaking during Mine Emergency Escape" training program. This training program was created by a multidisciplinary team at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to help trainees practice correct decisionmaking skills during an underground mine emergency. The training program consists of three parts. The first part is the computer-based training (CBT) program which can be used by groups or individual trainees. The CBT program is run on a computer (refer to the Computer System Requirements section) and uses a multimedia software application called ToolBookR. The training program contains pictures and audio files that simulate the decisions involved in mine emergencies. The second part is the instructor's guide and lesson plans. The third part is an optional evaluation form that the instructor can deliver to trainees to obtain feedback about the training program and discussion sessions. The purpose of the CBT program is to simulate an underground mine emergency and require trainees to make choices similar to those that they would have to make in a real emergency. This training incorporates recent safety developments in underground coal mining technology by including emergency escape options such as refuge alternatives located near the working face, outby refuge alternatives, and caches of extra self-contained self-rescuers (SCSRs). Refuge alternatives are a new technology that is unfamiliar to many miners. Some miners may not know when to use a refuge alternative, or they may be reluctant to enter a refuge alternative at all. Discussion questions are also included in the lesson plan to reinforce the lessons and stimulate thought and discussion about emergency escape. In the event of an actual mine emergency, miners may not have the option to communicate verbally if they are wearing their SCSRs. Therefore, this training will expose trainees to the types of decisions that they may need to make during a mine emergency escape and stimulate group discussion about when and why to use a refuge alternative. Having these discussions now will prepare miners for emergency situations that may occur later. This material has been designed for underground coal miners at all skill levels. Although it was designed for coal miners, it may be used for training miners at all types of underground operations that have added refuge alternatives.
Miners; Emergency-response; Emergency-responders; Rescue-workers; Rescue-measures; Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Underground-miners; Decision-making; Teaching; Training; Mine-escapes; Mine-rescue; Mining-equipment; Emergency-shelters; Escape-systems; Safety-education; Safety-equipment; Safety-measures; Self-contained-breathing-apparatus; Self-contained-self-rescuers; Respirators; Coal-mining; Coal-miners; Simulation-methods; Computer-models; Computer-software
Publication Date
Document Type
Numbered Publication; Report of Investigations
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2011-177; RI-9682; B10262011
NIOSH Division
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division