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Dealing with pre-ROPS tractors: is a trade-in program the solution?

Sorensen JA; Conway GA; DeSpain MS; Wyckoff S; Bayes B; May JJ
J Agromedicine 2011 Jan; 16(1):30-39
Tractor overturns are the leading cause of work-related death in an industry with the highest occupational fatality rate. Rollover protective structures (ROPS) and seatbelts are 99% effective in reducing the risk of an overturn fatality. However, kits are not available for 20% of tractors currently lacking ROPS. For these tractor owners, two potential solutions have been discussed: (1) technology for reinforcing tractor axles to accommodate ROPS and (2) a pre-ROPS tractor removal program. The purpose of this study was to conduct preliminary research to assess the feasibility of a tractor trade-in program. Focus groups were conducted with pre-ROPS tractor owners and tractor dealers. The data were analyzed using a concept development analytical approach and results were reviewed in an industry stakeholder's workgroup session. Data from the research indicates that tractor owners and dealers would need persuasive financial incentives to participate in a trade-in program. The workgroup session also indicated that it would be difficult to fund or support a large-scale initiative, and the economics of removing a large group of older tractors from the marketplace may exacerbate financial roadblocks. However, the data from this study could be used to pilot test a small-scale, focused, tractor buy-back program.
Accident-potential; Accident-prevention; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-machinery; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Engineering; Engineering-controls; Equipment-design; Farmers; Injury-prevention; Motor-vehicles; Protective-equipment; Risk-analysis; Safety-belts; Safety-engineering; Safety-measures; Tractors; Author Keywords: Concept development; focus groups; intervention research; overturn fatalities; overturn injuries; pre-ROPS tractors; tractors; tractor overturns; tractor fatalities; tractor injuries
Julie A. Sorensen, New York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health, Bassett Healthcare, One Atwell Road, Cooperstown, NY 13326, USA
Publication Date
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
Funding Type
Contract; Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U54-OH-007542; Contract-Number-214-2009-M-31708; B10122011
Issue of Publication
NIOSH Division
Priority Area
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
Source Name
Journal of Agromedicine
Performing Organization
Mary Imogene Bassett Hospital, Cooperstown, New York
Page last reviewed: May 13, 2022
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division