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Review of qualitative approaches for the construction industry: designing a risk management toolbox.

Zalk-DM; Spee-T; Gillen-M; Lentz-TJ; Garrod-A; Evans-P; Swuste-P
Saf Health Work 2011 Jun; 2(2):105-121
Objectives: This paper presents the framework and protocol design for a construction industry risk management toolbox. The construction industry needs a comprehensive, systematic approach to assess and control occupational risks. These risks span several professional health and safety disciplines, emphasized by multiple international occupational research agenda projects including: falls, electrocution, noise, silica, welding fumes, and musculoskeletal disorders. Yet, the International Social Security Association says, "whereas progress has been made in safety and health, the construction industry is still a high risk sector." Methods: Small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) employ about 80% of the world's construction workers. In recent years a strategy for qualitative occupational risk management, known as Control Banding (CB) has gained international attention as a simplifi ed approach for reducing work-related risks. CB groups hazards into stratified risk 'bands', identifying commensurate controls to reduce the level of risk and promote worker health and safety. We review these qualitative solutions-based approaches and identify strengths and weaknesses toward designing a simplifi ed CB 'toolbox' approach for use by SMEs in construction trades. Results: This toolbox design proposal includes international input on multidisciplinary approaches for performing a qualitative risk assessment determining a risk 'band' for a given project. Risk bands are used to identify the appropriate level of training to oversee construction work, leading to commensurate and appropriate control methods to perform the work safely. Conclusion: The Construction Toolbox presents a review-generated format to harness multiple solutions-based national programs and publications for controlling construction-related risks with simplifi ed approaches across the occupational safety, health and hygiene professions.
Construction; Construction-industry; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Safety-measures; Safety-programs; Work-operations; Work-organization; Workplace-monitoring; Author Keywords: Control banding; Qualitative risk management; Construction toolbox; Risk level based management system; Barrier banding
David M. Zalk, Environment, Safety, and Health Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, PO Box 808 L-871, Livermore, CA 94551
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Journal Article
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Construction; Healthcare and Social Assistance
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Safety and Health at Work