Physical activity behavior in older women with rheumatoid arthritis.
Semanik-P; Wilbur-J; Sinacore-J; Chang-RW
Arthritis Rheum 2004 Apr; 51(2):246-252
OBJECTIVE: To identify physical activity behaviors of older (>/=60 years) women with rheumatoid arthritis, and to determine if physical activity behavior differed by demographic characteristics or disease duration. METHODS: Cognitively intact, ambulatory women with rheumatoid arthritis seen at an urban university arthritis center (n = 185) responded to a survey that included demographics, number of years since RA diagnosis, and physical activity assessed with the Yale Physical Activity Survey. RESULTS: Participants had a mean age of 70 years and a mean disease duration of 17.6 years. Mean total of physical activity, including low-, moderate-, and high-intensity activity, was 23 hours/week, with 47 different physical activities identified. Housework comprised 67% of total physical activity time, whereas leisure activities and planned exercise comprised only 15% and 10%, respectively. Sixty percent of the women reported participation in some type of vigorous activity, and 88% reported they had done leisure walking in the past month. Age was negatively associated with scores on the activity summary index (r = -0.195, P < 0.01), and there was a significant difference on the activity summary index by employment status, with women in the work force (n = 47) and those involved in housekeeping (n = 105) scoring significantly higher (P = 0.003) than the women (n = 33) who described themselves as retired (F = 7.81, 2 degrees of freedom, P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Older women with rheumatoid arthritis may participate in a broader array of physical activities than previously assumed, and could benefit from increasing the proportion of moderate or vigorous activity incorporated into their daily routines.
Humans; Women; Age-groups; Behavior; Physical-exercise; Physiological-function; Rheumatoid-disorders; Occupations; Physiopathology; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis; Demographic-characteristics;
Author Keywords: Physical activity; Women; Rheumatoid arthritis
Pamela Semanik, PhD, APN, 345 East Superior, Suite 908, Chicago, IL 60611
Arthritis and Rheumatism
University of Illinois at Chicago