Impact of peer group education on HIV prevention among women in Botswana.
Norr-KF; Norr-JL; McElmurry-BJ; Tlou-S; Moeti-MR
Health Care Women Int 2004 Mar; 25(3):210-226
A peer group HIV prevention intervention based on social-cognitive learning theory, gender inequality, and the primary health care model for community-based health promotion was developed for more than 300 urban employed women in Botswana. All women volunteered to participate in the intervention. To control for self-selection, matched workplaces were assigned to the intervention group or to the delayed control group. Compared with women in the delayed control group, women in the intervention group had significantly higher postintervention levels of knowledge of HIV transmission, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and HIV prevention behaviors; positive condom attitudes and confidence in condom use; personal safer sex behaviors; and positive attitudes toward persons living with HIV/AIDS and community HIV/AIDS-related activities. The peer group leaders have sustained the program for more than 5 years after the end of research funding. Peer groups are a low-cost and sustainable intervention that can change HIV prevention knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors for ordinary urban employed women in sub-Saharan Africa.
Humans; Women; HIV; Infectious-diseases; Nursing; Nurses; Medical-personnel; Medical-care; Health-care; Preventive-medicine
Kathleen F. Norr, College of Nursing (m/c 802), University of Illinois at Chicago, 845 South Damen Ave., Chicago, IL 60612-7350
Health Care for Women International
University of Illinois at Chicago