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A longitudinal analysis of total workload and women's health after childbirth.
McGovern P; Dagher RK; Rice HR; Gjerdingen D; Dowd B; Ukestad LK; Lundberg U
J Occup Environ Med 2011 May; 53(5):497-505
Objectives: To examine the association of women's postpartum health with total workload (TWL), work and personal factors in the year after childbirth. Methods: Employed women from Minneapolis and St Paul, Minnesota, were recruited while hospitalized for childbirth. Longitudinal analyses, using fixed effects regression models, estimated the associations of TWL, job satisfaction and stress, social support, perceived control, breastfeeding and infant characteristics with women's health at 5 weeks, 11 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months postpartum. Results: Increased TWL over time was associated with significantly poorer mental health and increased symptoms. Conclusions: High TWL-including reduced time for rest, recovery, and sleep-is a risk factor for women's mental health and symptoms 12 months after childbirth. Women's postpartum health was positively associated with social support, which may help to decrease the negative effects of excess work.
Health standards; Injuries; Injury prevention; Mathematical models; Mental health; Mental stress; Physical reactions; Physical stress; Physiological effects; Physiological factors; Physiological response; Physiological stress; Psychological responses; Psychological stress; Quantitative analysis; Safety education; Safety measures; Safety research; Statistical analysis; Women; Work environment; Worker health; Work operations; Work performance; Workplace studies; Work practices
Patricia McGovern, PhD, MPH, Division of Environmental Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware St SE, Mayo Building MMC 807, Minneapolis, MN 55455
Issue of Publication
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Page last reviewed: April 9, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division