The effect of viewing angle on wrist posture estimation from photographic images using novice raters.
Appl Ergon 2011 Jul; 42(5):634-643
Observational assessment of wrist posture using photographic methods is theoretically affected by camera view angle. A study was conducted to investigate whether wrist flexion/extension and radial/ulnar deviation postures were estimated differently by raters depending on the viewing angle and compared to predictions using a quantitative 2D model of parallax. Novice raters (n=26) estimated joint angles from images of wrist postures photographed from ten different viewing angles. Results indicated that ideal views, orthogonal to the plane of motion, produced more accurate estimates of posture compared to non-ideal views. The neutral (0 degree) posture was estimated the most accurately even at different viewing angles. Raters were more accurate than model predictions. Findings demonstrate a need for more systematic methods for collecting and analyzing photographic data for observational studies of posture. Renewed caution in interpreting existing studies of wrist posture where viewing angle was not controlled is advised.
Biomechanics; Humans; Posture; Photography; Physiology; Motion-studies; Visual-images; Visual-motor-performance; Body-mechanics; Extremities; Body-regions; Exposure-assessment; Models; Qualitative-analysis; Quality-control; Quality-standards; Ergonomics; Biomechanical-modeling;
Author Keywords: Parallax; Wrist; Posture; Viewing angle
Michael H. Lau, Industrial and Operations Engineering, University of Michigan, 1205 Beal Ave., Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor