About 140 construction workers are killed by electricity every year; more than 90 of them are not electricians. Most of the electrocutions - of laborers, carpenters, painters, and others - are from contact with overhead power lines. Other causes include contact with power tools that have bad wiring, metal objects touching live (energized) wiring, and live electric wiring, equipment, or machinery. Workers are killed even by household current. Before you work, make sure you are trained in electric safety. OSHA says your employer must train you in recognition, avoidance and prevention of unsafe conditions. Before outdoor work begins, your employer should call utility companies to find underground power lines and to turn off or insulate (if possible) any overhead power lines near your work. If overhead lines cannot be turned off or insulated, there should be warning cones or lines or other barriers to prevent equipment from getting too close. Unless you know an overhead power line is turned off, stay at least 10 feet away - more than 10 feet if the line is over 50,000 volts. OSHA says your employer must check to see if there are any live electric circuits where you can contact them - such as overhead or underground power lines or circuits in walls where you might drill. If yes, your employer must put up warning signs and tell workers where the hazards are and how to protect themselves. OSHA says each 120-volt 15- or 20-amp outlet that is not part of permanent building wiring must have a ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI), unless the site has a written assured grounding program. Look over everything you will work with. Remove from service and tag as "Danger" anything that has exposed wiring, a missing ground prong, a cracked tool casing, or a frayed, taped, or spliced cord. Lock out/tag out machinery or other equipment you will work on. This is so no one will turn on the power while you are working. Only qualified persons* may work on electric wiring and equipment (electric panels and boxes, motor controllers, circuit breakers). Make sure the current is off. Keep at least 3 feet of clear work space around live parts of electric equipment. OSHA says live parts of electric equipment must be inside cabinets, separate rooms, or other enclosures - or put them 8 feet up (or more). High-voltage equipment (more than 600 volts) must be in a controlled area open only to qualified persons. Electric equipment, tools, machinery, and a way to disconnect the power to equipment or machinery must be clearly labeled.
Construction; Construction-equipment; Construction-industry; Construction-materials; Construction-workers; Safety-education; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Work-environment; Work-practices; Worker-health; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Accident-prevention; Hazards; Maintenance-workers; Electric-properties; Electrical-equipment; Electrical-hazards; Electrical-properties; Electrical-safety; Electrical-systems; Electrical-transmission; Electrical-workers
Building and Construction Trades Dept., AFL-CIO: CPWR, Suite 1000, 8484 Georgia Ave., Silver Spring, MD 2091