Validation of an evacuated canister method for measuring part-per-billion levels of chemical warfare agent simulants.
Coffey CC; LeBouf RF; Clavert CA; Slaven JE
J Air Waste Manage Assoc 2011 Aug; 61(8):826-833
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) research on direct-reading instruments (DRIs) needed an instantaneous sampling method to provide independent confirmation of the concentrations of chemical warfare agent (CWA) simulants. It was determined that evacuated canisters would be the method of choice. There is no method specifically validated for volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods. The purpose of this study was to validate an evacuated canister method for sampling seven specific VOCs that can be used as a simulant for CWA agents (cyclohexane) or influence the DRI measurement of CWA agents (acetone, chloroform, methylene chloride, methyl ethyl ketone, hexane, and carbon tetrachloride [CCl(4)]). The method used 6-L evacuated stainless-steel fused silica-lined canisters to sample the atmosphere containing VOCs. The contents of the canisters were then introduced into an autosampler/preconcentrator using a microscale purge and trap (MPT) method. The MPT method trapped and concentrated the VOCs in the air sample and removed most of the carbon dioxide and water vapor. After preconcentration, the samples were analyzed using a gas chromatograph with a mass selective detector. The method was tested, evaluated, and validated using the NIOSH recommended guidelines. The evaluation consisted of determining the optimum concentration range for the method; the sample stability over 30 days; and the accuracy, precision, and bias of the method. This method meets the NIOSH guidelines for six of the seven compounds (excluding acetone) tested in the range of 2.3-50 parts per billion (ppb), making it suitable for sampling of these VOCs at the ppb level.
Sampling; Chemical-warfare-agents; Analytical-methods; Acetones; Methyl-compounds; Volatiles; Organic-compounds; Air-samples
Christopher C. Coffey, NIOSH, Center Disease Control & Prevention, Laboratory Research Branch, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, 1095 Willowdale Rd, Mailstop 2703, Morgantown, WV 26505
110-82-7; 67-64-1; 67-66-3; 75-09-2; 56-23-5; 78-93-3; 110-54-3
Healthcare and Social Assistance
Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association
West Virginia University