Participatory approach to identify interventions to improve the health, safety, and work productivity of smallholder women vegetable farmers in the Gambia.
Vanderwal-L; Rautiainen-R; Ramirez-M; Kuye-R; Peek-Asa-C; Cook-T; Culp-K; Donham-K
Int J Occup Environ Health 2011 Mar; 24(1):36-47
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the qualitative, community-based participatory approach used to identify culturally-acceptable and sustainable interventions to improve the occupational health, safety, and productivity of smallholder women vegetable farmers in The Gambia (West Africa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This approach was used to conduct: 1) analysis of the tasks and methods traditionally used in vegetable production, and 2) selection of interventions. RESULTS: The most arduous garden tasks that were amenable to interventions were identified, and the interventions were selected through a participatory process for further evaluation. CONCLUSIONS: Factors contributing to the successful implementation of the participatory approach used in this study included the following: 1) ensuring that cultural norms were respected and observed; 2) working closely with the existing garden leadership structure; and 3) research team members working with the subjects for an extended period of time to gain first-hand understanding of the selected tasks and to build credibility with the subjects.
Age-groups; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Agriculture; Humans; Women; Farmers; Gardeners;
Author Keywords: Vegetable production; Community-based participatory research; Occupational health and safety; Worker productivity; West Africa
Risto Rautiainen, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Swanson Hall 3058, Omaha, NE 68198-5110
Grant; Cooperative Agreement
Grant-Number-T42-OH-008491; Grant-Number-K01-OH-008300; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U50-OH-009001
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
University of Iowa