Community-based research: barriers to recruitment of African Americans.
Dancy-BL; Wilbur-J; Talashek-M; Bonner-G; Barnes-Boyd-C
Nurs Outlook 2004 Sep; 52(5):234-240
The elimination of health disparities for African Americans requires culturally relevant, empirical knowledge, which in turn requires including African Americans in research studies. However, power-difference barriers and conceptual barriers continue to inhibit the recruitment of African Americans. The purpose of this article is to define and discuss certain barriers to the recruitment of African Americans into research studies and to present culturally and contextually sensitive strategies to overcoming these barriers. Power-difference barriers reflect unequal authority and often generate mistrust. Conceptual barriers reflect researchers' need for better understanding about African Americans. Effective strategies include collaboration with the community through a community advisory board and conducting community-based participatory action research. Also, integrating alternative conceptual frameworks with mainstream frameworks may reduce researchers' ideological assumptions about African Americans. To promote optimal recruitment of African Americans, researchers must be aware of power-difference barriers and conceptual barriers and move toward active collaboration with African American communities.
Education; Behavior; Attitude; Humans; Men; Women; Age-groups; Psychology; Psychological-factors
Barbara L. Dancy, PhD, RN, FAAN, Professor, University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Nursing, 845 South Damen Ave. (M/C 802), 1060 NURS, Chicago, IL 60612
University of Illinois at Chicago