Injury underreporting among small establishments in the construction industry.
Dong-XS; Fujimoto-A; Ringen-K; Stafford-E; Platner-JW; Gittleman-JL; Wang-X
Am J Ind Med 2011 May; 54(5):339-349
BACKGROUND: There is convincing evidence that occupational injury and illness rates, particularly those reported by employers in the BLS' Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII), substantially underestimate the true magnitude of injury and illness in the construction industry. METHODS: Fifteen years of data from five large nationally representative data sources were analyzed, including SOII, CFOI, CBP, CPS, and MEPS. Regression trends and ratio analyses were conducted, and stratified by establishment size and Hispanic ethnicity. RESULTS: Small construction establishments were most likely to underreport injuries. The SOII data only captured 25 percent of severe injuries among Hispanic workers, and 60 percent among white workers in small construction establishments. CONCLUSIONS: Underreporting is pervasive in the construction industry for small establishments and Hispanic workers. Given that small establishments are predominant in the U.S. construction industry, they should be the focus of a larger effort to identify the true extent of construction-related injuries.
Construction; Construction-workers; Injuries; Diseases; Data-processing; Information-retrieval-systems; Statistical-analysis; Racial-factors; Small-businesses; Construction-industry; Statistical-quality-control;
Author Keywords: underreporting; occupational injuries and illnesses; OSHA; construction; small employers/establishments; Hispanic workers; BLS
Xiuwen Sue Dong, DrPH, CPWR - The Center for Construction Research and Training, 8484 Georgia Avenue, Suite 1000, Silver Spring, MD 20910
Construction; Cooperative Agreement
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
CPWR - The Center for Construction Research and Training, Silver Spring, Maryland