Logging is the most hazardous industry for workers in the Pacific Northwest. Only in the past 30 years have fatalities and injuries decreased significantly due to increased attention to safety, and safety regulations. As logging intensifies in Asia, Africa, and South America, more workers are exposed to extreme hazards in unmanaged conditions. According to data supplied by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (http://www.fao.org/index_en.htm
), the world's softwood timber harvest since 1965 has been dominated by Russian states, China, and the USA. Many other countries with high production in 1965 have depleted their resources significantly, including Japan, Canada, France, Romania, and Finland, among others. Substantial growth has occurred meanwhile in New Zealand (with plantation timber), Hungary, and developing countries such as Brazil, Viet Nam, Malaysia, and Tanzania. Experience with state regulation and employer commitment to safety in logging activities in the Pacific Northwest may help others to improve safety and reduce injuries and death in logging operations.