Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, U60-OH-008324, 2007 Oct; :1-31
Oregon Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation conducts surveillance, investigation, and assessment of traumatic occupational fatalities in Oregon, and engages in outreach and education to prevent traumatic occupational fatalities and promote occupational safety. The Oregon Fatality Assessment program significantly expanded previous occupational fatality surveillance, investigation, and prevention activities in Oregon by including workers not covered by existing workers' compensation and occupational safety and health programs, and incorporating risk analysis and outreach to promote safety among workers and employers. During the initial 4 year funding period, 2003-2006, OR-FACE recorded 278 traumatic occupational fatalities in 250 incidents - an average of 70 fatalities in 62 incidents per year. The count is similar but not identical to the total for the BLS Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries, differing by 1-2 incidents each year due to different inclusion criteria; and about double the count from Workers' Compensation incidents in Oregon, which counts only covered employees. Investigation files including death certificates, EMS and medical examiner reports, law enforcement and OSHA investigations, news articles, and other information sources were assembled for each fatality. Clear priority areas emerged in the 4 years of the program: (a) motor vehicles, both in transportation incidents and as "parked vehicles," (b) logging, particularly working as a tree faller, (c) mobile machinery of various types, and (d) fall hazards, particularly in construction. There was sufficient investigation of each incident to prepare an abstract for each incident that identified key risk factors. The abstracts were published in the annual reports and also aggregated in topical hazard alerts. Oregon Fatality Assessment followed the template outlined by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health in the production of outreach materials: using narrative, artwork, and recommendations. The compelling nature of fatal stories is valuable as an educational tool; artwork helps to engage the reader and identify the topic; and recommendations focus on key points and provide a "take-away message." In 4 years, 2003-2006, Oregon Fatality Assessment published 35 full investigation reports. Four reports that involved Hispanic workers were translated into Spanish. Other principal outreach activities involved development of a website to publish materials; publication of investigation reports, annual reports, and hazard alerts; conference presentations; and news stories. Feedback from the website indicates that individuals have used the materials for training sessions, personal awareness, and posting on bulletin boards and other locations in the workplace, helping to identify hazards and emphasize the use of safety gear, machine guards, and safe work procedures.
Accident-analysis; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Occupational-safety-programs; Safety-education; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Training; Traumatic-injuries; Occupational-accidents; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Demographic-characteristics; Age-groups; Age-factors; Men; Women; Racial-factors; Machine-operators; Surveillance-programs; Risk-analysis; Maintenance-workers; Mechanics; Construction-workers; Construction-industry; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Logging-workers; Forestry-workers
Michael Heumann, Office of Environmental Public Health, Oregon Public Health Division, Department of Human Services, 800 N E Oregon Street, Portland, OR 97232-2162