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Manganese consumption and recycling flow model.
Albany, OR: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9421, 1995 Jan; :1-58
The report follows the flow of manganese through its metallurgical and chemical applications and highlights areas where significant losses occur owing to downgrading, export, or disposal. The study indicates that materials containing 695,000 short tons (ST) of manganese were consumed domestically in 1990. Scrap recovery specifically for manganese recycling was insignificant. However, considerable manganese was recycled through processing operations as a minor component of ferrous and nonferrous scrap and steel slag. The major loss category is manganese lost in steel processing, 323,156 ST or 46 pct of the 1990 apparent consumption. Most of this loss reports to steelmaking slags. Recovery from slags is technically feasible, but is not economically feasible.
Mining-industry; Minerals; Mineral-processing; Mineral-deposits; Supply-economics; Flow-charts; Consumption; Commodities; Computerized-simulation; Manganese; Mineral-economics; Scrap-recycling
NTIS Accession No.
Albany, OR: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9421
Page last reviewed: May 15, 2020Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division