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Relationship between pulmonary and systemic markers of exposure to multiple types of welding particulate matter.
Erdely-A; Salmen-Muniz-R; Liston-A; Hulderman-T; Zeidler-Erdely-PC; Antonini-JM; Simeonova-PP
Toxicology 2011 Sep; 7(1-3):153-159
Welding results in a unique and complex occupational exposure. Recent epidemiological studies have shown an increased risk of cardiovascular disease following welding fume exposure. In this study, we compared the induction of pulmonary and systemic inflammation following exposure to multiple types of welding fumes. Mice were exposed to 340mcg of manual metal arc stainless steel (MMA-SS), gas metal arc-SS (GMA-SS) or GMA-mild steel (GMA-MS) by pharyngeal aspiration. Mice were sacrificed at 4 and 24h post-exposure to evaluate various parameters of pulmonary and systemic inflammation. Alterations in pulmonary gene expression by a custom designed TaqMan array showed minimal differences between the fumes at 4h. Conversely at 24h, gene expression changes were further increased by SS but not GMA-MS exposure. These findings were associated with the surrogate marker of systemic inflammation, liver acute phase gene induction. Interestingly, stress response genes in cardiovascular tissues were only increased following MMA-SS exposure. These effects were related to the initial level of pulmonary cytotoxicity, as measured by lactate dehydrogenase activity, which was greatest following MMA-SS exposure. In conclusion, varying types of welding fumes elicit quantitatively different systemic inflammatory and/or stress responses.
Welding; Biomarkers; Biological-effects; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Lung-disorders; Lung-function; Particulates; Fumes; Metal-fumes; Immune-reaction; Laboratory-animals; Animal-studies; Animals; Stainless-steel; Gene-mutation; Genes; Cell-alteration; Dose-response; Quantitative-analysis; Cytotoxic-effects; Cytotoxicity; Cardiopulmonary-function; Cardiovascular-function; Proteins; Author Keywords: Systemic inflammation; Cardiovascular; Bronchoalveolar lavage; Gene expression; Serum proteins; Aorta
Aaron Erdely, NIOSH/HELD/PPRB, 1095 Willowdale Road, MS-2015, Morgantown, WV 26505-2888, USA