Health indicators among unemployed and employed young adults.
Caban-Martinez AJ; Lee DJ; Goodman E; Davila EP; Fleming LE; LeBlanc WG; Arheart KL; McCollister KE; Christ SL; Zimmerman FJ; Muntaner C; Hollenbeck JA
J Occup Environ Med 2011 Feb; 53(2):196-203
OBJECTIVE: Research on the prevalence of health indicators by employment status among young US adults is limited. METHODS: We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of young adults aged 18 to 24 years to document the prevalence of five health behaviors (cigarette smoking, risky drinking, leisure-time physical activity, and fruit and French fries consumption) by employment status. RESULTS: Unemployed young adults reported higher levels of risky drinking and nonengagement in leisure-time physical activity, while employed young adults had higher levels of smoking, French fries consumption, and low fruit/vegetable consumption. Transportation/material-moving young adult workers reported the highest level of risky drinking (13.5 percent), and precision production/craft/repair workers reported the highest smoking rates (39.7 percent). CONCLUSIONS: We found an elevated prevalence of risk factors, which places young workers at increased risk for the development of chronic conditions later in life.
Health-surveys; Behavior; Behavior-patterns; Age-groups; Smoking; Alcoholic-beverages; Physical-exercise; Food; Foodstuff; Workers; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Transportation-workers; Materials-handling; Materials-transport; Repair-shops; Industrial-factory-workers; Occupations
Alberto J. Caban-Martinez, MPH, Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Clinical Research Building, Room 1073, 1120 NW, 14th Street, 10th Floor (R-669), Miami, FL 33136
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida