Combined effects of aging and cosolvents on sequestration of phenanthrene in soils.
J Environ Eng 2005 Jul; 131(7):1068-1072
The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of organic cosolvents on the extractability of hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs) from soils after defined aging periods following HOC contamination. Phenanthrene was used as the representative HOC. Two soils with organic matter contents 2.9 and 6.5%, respectively, were investigated. The soils were spiked with phenanthrene, then saturated in water or mixtures of water and methanol, and aged for up to 422 days. After freeze drying, the extent of phenanthrene release was measured using a mild extraction process. The results show that as aging period increases, phenanthrene removal from the soils becomes more difficult. The amount of easily extractable phenanthrene tended to increase when more methanol existed in the pore fluid during aging, but the difference largely diminished after about 400 days. At the early stage of aging, extraction of phenanthrene from the soil with lower organic matter content tended to be less difficult compared with that from the soil containing more organic matter. The opposite appeared to be true when the aging time was longer than 200 days. From the results, we propose that a shift in the predominant sequestration mechanisms occurred after a certain period of time, in which hydrophobic interactions between HOCs and organic matter gradually yield to physical trapping of the sorbate molecule in the meso- and micropores of the soil particles.
Organic-solvents; Organic-compounds; Phenanthrenes; Soil-analysis; Particulates
An Li; Associate Professor, School of Public Health, Univ. of Illinois at Chicago, 2121 W. Taylor St., MC-922, Chicago, IL 60612-7260
Journal of Environmental Engineering
University of Illinois at Chicago