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Lung cancer risk among workers in poultry slaughtering and processing plants: a pilot study.

Fort Worth, TX: University of North Texas, 2008 May; :1-104
Poultry workers are at a great risk of exposure to potentially harmful transmissible agents which can cause cancer in poultry; yet there are few epidemiological studies that examine the association of occupation and illnesses experienced by these workers. Workers in poultry slaughtering and processing plants are well suited to investigate the effect of exposure to poultry oncogenic agents because they have one of the highest human exposures to these agents. Additionally, there is a need to investigate the effect of exposure to carcinogenic chemicals formed during the packaging and preparation of poultry. The preparations of poultry via smoking, and frying are additional exposures that release carcinogens which may be involved in lung cancer risk among poultry workers. Union records from several unions belonging to the United Food & Commercial Workers International Union for the years 1949-1989 were used to identify a cohort of workers once employed in poultry slaughtering and processing plants. The current research investigated whether certain occupational exposures were associated with lung cancer mortality among these workers. The research employed a case cohort design that provided individual level occupational and lifestyle data for workers who died with lung cancer between 1990 and 2003 compared to a sub-cohort of individuals randomly sampled from the entire cohort.
Animal-products-workers; Carcinogenesis; Carcinogens; Disease-incidence; Disease-transmission; Exposure-assessment; Lung-cancer; Lung-disease; Lung-disorders; Meat-handlers; Mortality-data; Poultry; Poultry-industry; Poultry-workers; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Respiratory-system-disorders; Risk-analysis; Slaughterhouses; Work-areas; Worker-health; Work-operations; Workplace-studies; Zoonoses
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Lung Cancer Risk among Workers in Poultry Slaughtering and Processing Plants: A Pilot Study.
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University of North Texas
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division