Gender, aging, and work: aging workers' strategies to confront the demands of production in maquiladora plants in Nogales, Mexico.
Adarga-MS; Becerril-LC; Champion-CD
New Solut 2010 Apr; 20(4):479-495
This work is part of a qualitative socio-cultural investigation with a group of men and women 40 years and older in the maquila export industry in Nogales, Sonora, Mexico. In 1994, as a result of the North American Free Trade Agreement, maquila plants combined traditional intensive work methods with new "just in time" production norms that impacted work and health conditions, particularly in older, or aging, workers. The workers that were interviewed for this study show a reduction in their functional ability to work starting at 40 years of age. Work organization demands, general health conditions, and a decrease in physical abilities brings these 40-year-old workers to prematurely construct an image of themselves as aging workers and to develop coping strategies that vary by gender.
Workers; Worker-health; Age-factors; Age-groups; Sex-factors; Industrial-factory-workers; Work-capability; Work-capacity; Work-performance; Job-stress; Work-operations; Work-organization; Coping-behavior; Physical-capacity; Health-surveys
Mireya Scarone Adarga, Concordia No. 30, Villa SatÚlite, Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico 83200
New Solutions: A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy
University of California - Los Angeles