Double presence, paid work, and domestic-family work.
Moreno-N; Moncada-S; Llorens-C; Carrasquer-P
New Solut 2010 Apr; 20(4):511-526
Double presence, which is understood as the need to respond simultaneously to the demands of paid and domestic-family work, mostly affects women and may negatively affect their health. Our hypothesis is that double presence increases as a function of the demands of domestic-family work, but is also associated with management practices related to the availability of time for paid work, prolonged and atypical work schedules, and heightened demands. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a representative sample of the salaried population in Spain. Information was gathered through a standardized questionnaire administered through home visits. Statistical analysis shows a relationship between double presence and the demands of increased work schedules, rotating schedules, irregular schedules, and exposure to psychosocial risks (high quantitative and emotional psychological demands). Double presence should be considered as a variable in the evaluation of psychosocial risks, and collective bargaining should consider negotiating clauses that can impact it positively.
Women; Workers; Families; Job-stress; Sex-factors; Management-personnel; Work-intervals; Work-organization; Work-practices; Questionnaires; Health-surveys; Job-rotation; Shift-work; Worker-health; Psychological-effects; Emotional-stress; Sociological-factors; Risk-factors; Statistical-analysis
Neus Moreno, ISTAS, Via Laietana 16, E-08003 Barcelona, Spain
New Solutions: A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy
University of California - Los Angeles