Gender-based political harassment and violence: effects on the political work and public roles of women.
New Solut 2010 Apr; 20(4):527-535
This article shows the significance of the problems of political harassment and violence against women in positions of political responsibility in Bolivia. This phenomenon is seen in both rural and urban areas and transcends borders. It has been shown that these attacks constitute a violation of women's civil and political rights and a threat to the physical and mental health of women leaders in Bolivia. Furthermore, there is no punishment of guilty parties, reparation, or moral or material compensation for the women who are affected. In Bolivia, gender-based harassment and violence is a fundamental barrier to women's political participation. However, this phenomenon is still not addressed by government programs and is not part of the public discourse and debate. In spite of the measures taken to promote women's political participation, several different administrations have been unable to guarantee women the capacity to occupy positions of responsibility without being threatened or harassed. The results of our research led to a bill addressing this problem. Subsequently, Ecuador took this bill as an example and replicated it in a legislative initiative. These results show the importance of research by organizations that represent women in preventing unjust situations and health problems.
Behavior; Behavior-patterns; Attitude; Sex-factors; Women; Physical-reactions; Physiological-effects; Mental-health; Administration; Psychological-effects; Legislation; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Group-behavior; Group-dynamics; Law-enforcement; Health-hazards; Health-protection; Racial-factors
M. Maria Eugenia Rojas Valverde, General Manager, ACOBOL, Av. Sánchez Lima No. 2278, Bolivia
New Solutions: A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy
University of California - Los Angeles