Workplace violence: prevalence and risk factors in the safe at work study.
Campbell JC; Messing JT; Kub J; Agnew J; Fitzgerald S; Fowler B; Sheridan D; Lindauer C; Deaton J; Bolyard R
J Occup Environ Med 2011 Jan; 53(1):82-89
OBJECTIVE: Nurses face one of the highest rates of reported workplace violence (WPV). This research examined the prevalence of WPV and demographic, work-related, and adult and childhood abuse histories as risk factors for WPV among 2166 nurses/nursing personnel across four health care institutions in one US metropolitan area. METHODS: Using data from an online cross-sectional survey, multivariate logistic regression was utilized to determine risk factors for physical and psychological WPV. RESULTS: Almost one-third (30%) of nurses/nursing personnel experienced WPV (19.4% physical, 19.9% psychological). Risk factors included being a nurse, white, male, working in the emergency department, older age, longer employment, childhood abuse, and intimate partner violence. CONCLUSIONS: Adult and childhood abuse histories have not been considered in previous large-scale investigations, but were significant risk factors along with other previously identified risk factors for WPV.
Nurses; Nursing; Health-care-personnel; Medical-personnel; Health-care; Health-hazards; Emergency-care; Demographic-characteristics; Work-environment; Health-surveys; Physiological-factors; Psychological-factors; Behavior; Behavior-patterns; Risk-factors; Mathematical-models; Statistical-analysis; Emergency-responders; Emotional-stress; Drug-abuse
Jill Theresa Messing, MSW, PhD, Arizona State University, School of Social Work, 411 N Central Avenue, Suite 800, Phoenix, AZ 85004
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Johns Hopkins University