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Demographics, employment, income, and networks: differential characteristics of rural populations.
Bollman RD; Reimer W
J Agromedicine 2009 Apr; 14(2):132-141
This paper reviews the key demographic, employment, income, and social capital features of rural Canada. Rural populations have different characteristics that are typically a direct result of "rurality" - i.e., long distances and low population density. Jobs that require a high-density population (such as a professional hockey player) are not available to individuals who live at a distance from a metro center. Rural Canada may have an agricultural landscape (or a forestry or mining landscape) but the vast majority of rural workers do not work in primary sectors. Manufacturing employment is larger. Rural Canada is competitive in manufacturing - rural areas are gaining a larger share of Canada's manufacturing workforce. Rural incomes are lower, on average. But lower living costs mean that the rural incidence of low incomes is similar to urban. In rural communities, the existence of social networks does not always imply that these networks are used. Networks are complementary - one network does not always substitute for another. However, local strength in one network can be used to build capacity in another network.
Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Demographic-characteristics; Farmers; Statistical-analysis; Work-analysis; Work-environment; Work-operations; Author Keywords: Demography; employment; income; rural; social capital
Ray D. Bollman, PhD, Agriculture Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, K1A OT6, Canada
Issue of Publication
Journal of Agromedicine
Page last reviewed: May 13, 2022
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division