Effects of sample collection and storage conditions on DNA damage in buccal cells from agricultural workers.
Muniz-JF; McCauley-LA; Pak-V; Lasarev-MR; Kisby-GE
Mutat Res Genet Toxicol Environ Mutagen 2011 Feb; 720(1-2):8-13
Buccal cells are becoming a widely used tissue source for monitoring human exposure to occupational and environmental genotoxicants. A variety of methods exist for collecting buccal cells from the oral cavity, including rinsing with saline, mouthwash, or scraping the oral cavity. Buccal cells are also routinely cryopreserved with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), then examined later for DNA damage by the comet assay. The effects of these different sampling procedures on the integrity of buccal cells for measuring DNA damage are unknown. This study examined the influence of the collection and cryopreservation of buccal cells on cell survival and DNA integrity. In individuals who rinsed with Hank's balanced salt solution (HBSS), the viability of leukocytes (90%) was significantly (p < 0.01) greater than that of epithelial cells (12%). Similar survival rates were found for leukocytes (88%) and epithelial cells (10%) after rinsing with Listerine® mouthwash. However, the viability of leukocytes after cryopreservation varied significantly (p < 0.01) with DMSO concentration. Cell survival was greatest at 5% DMSO. Cryopreservation also influenced the integrity of DNA in the comet assay. Although tail length and tail moment were comparable in fresh or cryopreserved samples, the average head intensity for cryopreserved samples was approximately 6 units lower (95% CI: 0.8-12 units lower) than for fresh samples (t25 = -2.36, p = 0.026). These studies suggest that the collection and storage of buccal samples are critical factors for the assessment of DNA damage. Moreover, leukocytes appear to be a more reliable source of human tissue for assessing DNA damage and possibly other biochemical changes.
Biological-effects; Biological-monitoring; Cell-damage; Cell-transformation; Cellular-reactions; DNA-damage; Environmental-exposure; Farmers; Genotoxic-effects; Genotoxicity;
Author Keywords: Comet assay; Leukocytes; Epithelial cells; DMSO; Cryopreservation
Juan F. Muniz, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, 418 Curie Blvd., Philadelphia, PA 19104-6096
Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
University Of Pennsylvania