Total noise exposure assessment of three farm families in northwest Ohio.
Milz-SA; Witherspoon-MK; Ames-AL; Wilkins-JR III
American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, June 2 - 7, 2007, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Fairfax, VA: American Industrial Hygiene Association, 2007 Jun; :
A NIOSH-funded pilot project was conducted in Northwest Ohio to assess both the occupational and nonoccupational noise exposures of persons living and working on farms. The study was designed to monitor three to five family members from three families for one week each during planting, growing, and harvesting season, Dosimeters were programmed to record 24 hr a day, using both the OSHA and the NIOSH parameters, and were worn by the study participants from the time they got up each morning until they went to bed at night. All participating family members also completed daily time-activity logs to record all on-farm and off-farm activities. Members of the research team conducted time-activity recording daily, as well, during each monitoring event. The participants included two full· time farmers, three part-time farmers who worked off the farm full time, one part-time farmer who home-schooled her children, and three adolescents, two of whom were home· schooled and who worked on the farm part time. The OSHA standards were not exceeded during farming activities, However, NIOSH guidelines were exceeded by both full-time farmers, one part-time farmer, and one of the adolescents. On-farm, work-related exposures ranged from 81.2 dBA to 89.3 dBA (8-hr time-weighted average [TWA], using OSHA parameters) and from 84.3 dBA to 89.9 dBA (8-hr TWA, using NIOSH parameters) during planting season; from 59.5 dBA to 89.6 dBA (8-hr TWA, using OSHA parameters) and from 69.8 dBA to 92.1 dBA (8-hr TWA, using NIOSH parameters) during growing season; and from 55.3 dBA to 88.9 dBA (8-hr TWA, using OSHA parameters) and from 67.3 dBA to 91.6 dBA (8-hrTWA, using NIOSH parameters) during harvesting season. Noise hazardous activities occurred during tractor operation and included planting, plowing, and tilling.
Farmers; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-processes; Noise; Noise-exposure; Noise-levels; Noise-sources; Families; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Hearing-loss; Hearing-impairment; Hearing-disorders; Hearing-conservation; Sound; Exposure-assessment;
Author Keywords: Farm; noise; adolescents
Research Tools and Approaches: Exposure Assessment Methods
American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, June 2 - 7, 2007, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Medical College of Ohio at Toledo