Worksite wellness program for respiratory disease prevention in heavy-construction workers.
Hnizdo E; Berry A; Hakobyan A; Beeckman-Wagner L-A; Catlett L
J Occup Environ Med 2011 Mar; 53(3):274-281
Objective: To describe a respiratory disease prevention program in a US heavy-construction company. Methods: The program uses periodic spirometry and questionnaires and is integrated into a worksite wellness program involving individualized intervention. Spirometry Longitudinal Data Analysis (SPIROLA) technology is used to assist the physician with (i) management and evaluation of longitudinal spirometry and questionnaire data; (ii) designing, recoding, and implementing intervention; and (iii) evaluation of impact of the intervention. Preintervention data provide benchmark results. Results: Preintervention results on 1224 workers with 5 or more years of follow-up showed that the mean rate of FEV1 decline was 47 mL/year. Age-stratified prevalence of moderate airflow obstruction was higher than that for the US population. Conclusion: Preintervention results indicate the need for respiratory disease prevention in this construction workforce and provide a benchmark for future evaluation of the intervention.
Biological-effects; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Health-surveys; Inhalation-studies; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Questionnaires; Respiratory-hypersensitivity; Respiratory-infections; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-protection; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Safety-research; Work-environment; Worker-health; Work-operations; Work-performance; Workplace-studies; Surveillance
Eva Hnizdo, PhD, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Rd, Morgantown, WV 26505
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine