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Worksite wellness program for respiratory disease prevention in heavy-construction workers.
Hnizdo-E; Berry-A; Hakobyan-A; Beeckman-Wagner-L-A; Catlett-L
J Occup Environ Med 2011 Mar; 53(3):274-281
Objective: To describe a respiratory disease prevention program in a US heavy-construction company. Methods: The program uses periodic spirometry and questionnaires and is integrated into a worksite wellness program involving individualized intervention. Spirometry Longitudinal Data Analysis (SPIROLA) technology is used to assist the physician with (i) management and evaluation of longitudinal spirometry and questionnaire data; (ii) designing, recoding, and implementing intervention; and (iii) evaluation of impact of the intervention. Preintervention data provide benchmark results. Results: Preintervention results on 1224 workers with 5 or more years of follow-up showed that the mean rate of FEV1 decline was 47 mL/year. Age-stratified prevalence of moderate airflow obstruction was higher than that for the US population. Conclusion: Preintervention results indicate the need for respiratory disease prevention in this construction workforce and provide a benchmark for future evaluation of the intervention.
Biological-effects; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Health-surveys; Inhalation-studies; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Questionnaires; Respiratory-hypersensitivity; Respiratory-infections; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-protection; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Safety-research; Work-environment; Worker-health; Work-operations; Work-performance; Workplace-studies; Surveillance
Eva Hnizdo, PhD, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Rd, Morgantown, WV 26505
Issue of Publication
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division