Health care access and utilization among children of single working and nonworking mothers in the United States.
Clarke-TC; Arheart-KL; Muennig-P; Fleming-LE; Caban-Martinez-AJ; Dietz-N; Lee-DJ
Int J Health Serv 2011 Jan; 41(1):11-26
To examine indicators of health care access and utilization among children of working and nonworking single mothers in the United States, the authors used data on unmarried women participating in the 1997-2008 National Health Interview Survey who financially supported children under 18 years of age (n = 21,842). Stratified by maternal employment, the analyses assessed health care access and utilization for all children. Outcome variables included delayed care, unmet care, lack of prescription medication, no usual place of care, no well-child visit, and no doctor's visit. The analyses reveal that maternal employment status was not associated with health care access and utilization. The strongest predictors of low access/utilization included no health insurance and intermittent health insurance in the previous 12 months, relative to those with continuous private health insurance coverage (odds ratio ranges 3.2-13.5 and 1.3-10.3, respectively). Children with continuous public health insurance compared favorably with those having continuous private health insurance on three of six access/utilization indicators (odds ratio range 0.63-0.85). As these results show, health care access and utilization for the children of single mothers are not optimal. Passage of the U.S. Healthcare Reform Bill (HR 3590) will probably increase the number of children with health insurance and improve these indicators.
Children; Health-care; Health-programs; Public-health; Qualitative-analysis; Sex-factors; Statistical-analysis; Women; Worker-health
Tainya C. Clarke, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine Clinical Research Building, Room 1074, 1120 N.W. 14th Street, 10th Floor (R-669) Miami, FL 33136
International Journal of Health Services
University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida