Gender differences in anxiety and depression among immigrant Latinos.
Hiott-A; Grzywacz-JG; Arcury-TA; Quandt-SA
Fam Syst Health 2006 Jun; 24(2):137-146
This study determines elements of a social history that could assist primary care providers in identifying and treating anxiety and depression among immigrant Mexicans. Cross-sectional data were obtained through interviewer-administered survey questionnaires from immigrant Latinos in the United States fewer than 5 years (N = 150). Interviews were conducted by native Spanish-speakers in community settings. Mental health was measured with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) and the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI). Mental health in this sample was poor with nearly 40% indicating levels of anxiety and depression that may impair functioning. Social marginalization was associated with higher depression symptoms in men, and separation from family stress was associated with more depressive symptoms among women. When caring for immigrant Latinos, questions about social isolation and separation from family may provide insight into stress and its contribution to clinically significant anxiety and depression. These characteristics should also be considered when offering a treatment plan for anxiety and depression.
Agriculture; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Farmers; Mental-health; Statistical-analysis; Demographic-characteristics; Sociological-factors; Psychological-disorders; Psychological-stress; Psychological-responses;
Author Keywords: social history; immigrant mental health; gender differences; psychosocial stressors; Latino
Ann Hiott MD, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1084
Families, Systems, & Health
Wake Forest University